Tips for setting up your row crop cultivator
Tips for setting up
your row crop cultivator
Setting up your row crop cultivator correctly is critical for success with hoeing, and therefore with your harvest. Allow yourself enough time to set up your hoeing technology correctly and professionally. If you put in an adequate amount of time and exercise patience, you will be rewarded for it later on.
As a general rule: Sowing your seed precisely and accurately sets you up for success later on when hoeing!
Adjustments for mounting a row crop cultivator onto a tractor
- The height compensation should always be made available to the lower links.
- The lower link brace should always be the same length.
- When mounting a row crop cultivator without camera steering the side lower link stabilisers must be opened.
- When mounting the row crop cultivator with camera steering, it is important that the lower links are locked so that they cannot move side to side. In addition, the ball in the lower link bracket must be mounted free from backlash.
- The upper link should be set up so that the machine is level during operation.
Working depth and tool adjustments
- As a general rule: As deep as necessary and as shallow as possible.
- To guarantee that the implement is working at full width, the sweeps must overlap slightly.
- Depending on the soil type and conditions sweeps of different widths can be fitted in alignment with the row spacing.
- The working depth and cutting setting should be checked multiple times while working.
Parallelogram and hoeing section adjustments
- The parallelogram should be in the working position, parallel to or slightly sloping towards the ground.
- The retraction spring of the hoeing parallelogram enables to be preloaded an guarantees penetration by the hoe sweeps.
- A 3-stage adjustable retraction spring ensures that the parallelogram does not put increased pressure on the ground.
Protection element adjustments
- The smaller the plants, the deeper the protection elements must be set so that the plants are not buried or damaged.
- Once a crop is well established, protection elements are no longer needed at all.
Finger hoe adjustments
- The finger hoes should be set approx. 2 cm / 1" apart.
- The finger stars should always be slightly bent to exert a small amount of pressure.
- It is also important that only one spring-mounted holder is used for each crop row, and that it is mounted on the frame of the row crop cultivator itself rather than the hoeing section. This is because the hoeing element would pass on height adjustments to the finger hoes, which would then no longer be able to work precisely and in parallel with one another.
Trailed rotative weeder adjustments
- Speed of travel – the greater the speed, the more intensive the mode of operation.
- Down pressure – can be set from “floating” to “heavily spring-loaded”.
- Angle of stars – please be very careful here! Do not go over the top because the plants can easily be chopped off.
A detailed list of the settings of the row crop cultivator can be found in the organic farming handbook!
As a general rule based on the above: There is no one setting to match all conditions and crops. A row crop cultivator must be adapted to the crop (including its size) as well as the soil and weather conditions. Hoeing only becomes easier and more precise with experience. Calmness and patience are required, because using a row crop cultivator correctly contributes significantly to the success of the harvest.
The above-mentioned points are based on practical experience and depend on conditions and the results can vary. Einböck does not bear any responsibility on correctness and cannot bear any liability for damage on crop / machines!